IDEAL CONDITIONS FOR PROPER WINE STORAGE
Wine should be stored in conditions that are dark, cool, humid and free from vibration and outside disturbance, similar to the natural environment found inside wine cellars.
Wine Storage Temperatures
A cool temperature ranging from 55 - 57 degrees Fahrenheit is considered to be optimal for the biochemical development that occurs as fine wines mature.
Ultraviolet rays penetrate wine bottles and cause the tannins to oxidize, resulting in irreparable damage to fine wine.
Maintaining the right humidity of 60-70% inside the wine cabinet is important for the optimal storage and aging of fine wine. When conditions are too dry, the cork can become brittle and shrink, thereby allowing wine inside the bottle to oxidize. When conditions are too humid, wine labels can become damaged and mold can grow inside the cabinet.
Clean air is vital for the preservation and storage of wine, which actually breathes through the cork in the bottle. When the doors of a wine cellar are closed, the environment should be airtight and sealed to protect and preserve the wine inside the cellar.
It is best to minimize the movement of wine bottles while they are being stored and aged.